“Cooking oil - to the attention of the working masses. Three times as cheap as butter! More nutritious than other fats! Nowhere but in Mosselprom.“
Ad by Alexander Rodchenko, 1923
The first victory day parade in Red Square, Moscow, 1945.
Romanov Birthdays → Catherine II of Russia, May 2
Originally a minor German princess destined to be only an consort of a Russian Emperor, no one knew Catherine would become Russia’s ruler in her own right. The period of Catherine the Great’s rule, the Catherinian Era, is often considered the Golden Age of the Russian Empire and the Russian nobility.
Catherine was born as Princess Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst-Dornburg on 2 May 1729. As Catherine grew up, her mother eventually came to see her daughter as a means to move up the social ladder and improve her own situation. Her mother had relatives in other royal courts in the region, and brought Catherine with her on visits to seek out possible suitors. Catherine saw marriage as a way to escape from her controlling mother.
Educated by tutors, Catherine had religious studies with a military chaplain, but she questioned much of what he taught her. She also learned three languages: German, French and Russian. The Russian came in handy when Catherine’s mother wrangled an invitation to Saint Petersburg from the Empress Elizabeth. She wanted to see if Catherine would be suitable for her heir, Grand Duke Peter (later Peter III).
On August 21, 1745, Catherine II married into the Russian imperial family, becoming a Grand Duchess. She and Peter proved to be anything but a happy couple, however. Peter was immature and juvenile, preferring to play with toys and mistresses than to be with his wife. Catherine II developed her own pastimes, which included reading extensively.
After several miscarriages, Catherine II finally produced a heir. Her son, Paul, was born on September 20, 1754. The paternity of the child has been a subject of great debate with many scholars, who believe that Paul’s father was actually Sergei Saltykov, a Russian noble and member of the court. Others have claimed that Paul looked a lot like Peter, leading them to believe that he was actually Paul’s father.
After succeeding the throne, Peter was openly cruel to his wife, and often discussed pushing her aside to allow his mistress to rule with him. He soon alienated other nobles, officials and the military with his staunch support for Prussia. He also angered the Orthodox Church by taking away their lands. After six months, Peter was overthrown in a coup orchestrated by Catherine.
At the time of Catherine’s accession, Russia was viewed as backward and provincial by many in Europe. She sought to change this negative opinion through expanding educational opportunities and the arts. She also became a prominent art collector, and many of these were displayed in the Hermitage in a royal residence in Saint Petersburg.
Catherine had enjoyed several decades as Russia’s absolute ruler. She had a strained relationship with her son and heir, Paul, over her tight grip on power, but she enjoyed her grandchildren, especially the oldest one: Alexander who later became Emperor Alexander I. In her later years, Catherine continued to possess an active mind and a strong spirit. On November 17, 1796, however, she was found unconscious on the floor of her bathroom. It was thought at the time that she suffered a stroke. She was buried along with other Romanovs at the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul.
“Death to the fascist-German invaders!”
Самоцветы - Все, что в жизни есть у меня, 1976/77
Gems - Everything I have in my life, 1976/77
Коммунизм - это советская власть
плюс электрификация всей страны
Communism - is Soviet power
plus electrification of all country
Pavel Bazhov (27 January 1879 – 3 December 1950) was a Russian writer.
Bazhov is best known for his collection of fairy tales The Malachite Casket (“Малахитовая Шкатулка”), based on Ural folklore and published in the Soviet Union in 1939. Publication of Bazhov’s most famous work – the collection of fairy tales- earned Bazhov the State Prize. Later on Bazhov supplemented the book with new tales.
In 1944, the translation of The Malachite Casket into English was published in New York and London. Later Sergei Prokofiev created the ballet The Tale of the Stone Flower based on one of the tales. Bazhov was also the author of several books on the Russian Revolution and the Civil War.
The “Malachite Casket” is a delightful series of interlinking stories. These stories are told to a young boy by a watchman, who lived on top of a mountain in the Ural Mountain region of Russia. The tales are darker and deeper than most Russian tales, exploring and expressing realistic social relations and internal struggles.
Another book I remembered we read in school..) We even had an assignment to paint the Stone Flower and the picture is still somewhere in my desk =) So I recommend these tales to everyone and hope you’ll like it =)
“Kashtanka”, 1952 - Soviet cartoon, based on story “Kashtanka” written by Anton Chekhov in 1887 year.
Вперед! За индустриализацию страны! За коллективизацию деревни!
Go forward! For industrialization of country! For collectivization of village!
I made today more posts than I did for all month…and month before I guess..)
Все умеем делать сами, помогаем нашей маме!
We can do everything by ourselves, we help our mother!